Garden landscape is the word-for-word reversal of ‘landscape garden’, which came into being in England in the eighteenth century. A garden without fencing round it is a landscape but also a cultural landscape, as it is always created by control and cultivation by people. The landscape elements form the repertory (topography, trees, clusters of trees, shrubs, perennials, water courses, and so on) that joins the ‘great outdoors’ to a coherent garden landscape.